As Historians children:

  • Develop a chronological knowledge and understanding of British, local and world history, establishing clear narratives within and across the periods they study.
  • Note connections, contrasts and trends over time
  • Develop the appropriate use of historical terms
  • Address and sometimes devise historically valid questions about change, cause, similarity and difference, and significance.
  • Construct informed responses that involve thoughtful selection and organisation of relevant historical information
  • Understand how our knowledge of the past is constructed from a range of sources

In planning to ensure the progression described above through teaching the British, local and world history outlined below, teachers combine overview and depth studies to help pupils understand both the long arc of development and the complexity of specific aspects of the content.

Historical Concepts in Key Stage One

  1. Continuity and Change – understand some changes in history and suggest possible reasons for them
  2. Causes and Consequences – identify and describe some of the causes and results of historical events, individuals, situations and changes studies in the past
  3. Similarity and Difference- identify (and suggest reasons for) similarities and difference
  4. Significance – suggest reasons for some individuals, events, situations and changes in the past being important (and why they might be more important than others)
  5. Evidence (historical enquiry) – question and infer from a range of historical sources understanding that this is process is part of finding out about the past
  6. Historical Interpretations – identify different ways in which the past is represented (and suggest reasons for this)
  7. Making connections – making links between historical events, individuals, situations and changes studied
  8. Questioning – asking and answering questions
  9. Selection and Organisation – communicate their historical thinking in different forms

Historical Concepts in Key Stage Two

  1. Continuity and Change – understand how and why change occurs in history, why and how things stay  the same and analysing trends
  2. Causes and Consequences – identify and describe reasons for and results of historical events, individuals, situations and changes studies in the past
  3. Similarity and Difference- identify and explain similarities and differences within and across different past periods and societies
  4. Significance – understanding why some events, individuals, situations and changes, societies and periods are considered significant
  5. Evidence (historical enquiry) – understanding the methods of enquiry, including how evidence is used to make historical claims
  6. Historical Interpretations – understand how and suggest reasons why contrasting arguments and interpretations of the past have been constructed
  7. Making connections – identifying links across and between different periods and between different historical categories e.g. economic, political, social etc.
  8. Questioning – framing historically valid questions
  9. Selection and Organisation – create their own structured accounts, including written narratives and analyses

Content Here


Children at Kenmont, receive a high-quality geography education where they develop a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives.

Children use their investigative skills to develop their understanding and knowledge of a variety of places and people – both in the United Kingdom as well as abroad. Through this teaching, they will also learn about the Earth’s physical and human processes; resources and various environments (both natural and human).

Important skills/characteristics essential for geographers will be developed through teaching. These include:

  • Knowledge of what places are like and where they are in the world.
  • Understanding how processes contribute to key physical and human features.
  • The ability to communicate geographical information in a variety of ways such as using maps, writing and numerical ways.
  • Collecting, analysing and interpreting a range of geographical information.















Children investigate a range of places – both in Britain and abroad – to help develop their knowledge and understanding of the Earth’s physical and human processes. We also develop the children’s ability to confidently communicate their findings and geographical understanding to a range of audiences.

Through inspirational teaching we develop the following essential characteristics of geographers:

  • An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like, both in Britain and the wider world;
  • An comprehensive understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected;
  • An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary;
  • Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills, as well as effective presentation techniques;
  • The ability to reach clear conclusions and explain their findings;
  • Excellent fieldwork skills as well as other geographical aptitudes and techniques;
  • The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current issues in society and the environment;
  • A genuine interest in the subject and a real sense of curiosity about the world and the people who live here.